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In this article, the author describes the challenge of profound curriculum reform for Wagner College. Unlike many institutions that tinker with course offerings, the salvation of the college could come only through dramatic refocusing and revitalization of not just what the faculty members teach, but the way they teach. The resurrection of Wagner College came from within, and the essential ingredients were remarkable vision, commitment, and leadership shared by faculty and administrators alike....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Guarasci, Richard

For K-12 school agencies in California, the funding picture is brighter than it has been since 2001 due mainly to increases in the Proposition 98 guarantee for prior years and resulting adjustments. This two-page summary highlights the increases and explains where the dollars are going for the 2006-07 school year. Findings include: (1) Funding in 2006-07 erases much of the state's debt to K-14 education; (2) General purpose funds and select programs receive large increases; (3) Policymakers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Finance

In this article, the author discusses that in January 2006, the "New York Times" headlined a new $3.75 billion federal initiative that would give $750 grants to low-income college students who successfully completed a "rigorous secondary school program of study" (Dillon 2006). The author argues that this quiet addition to the budget bill could well hobble their ability to meet and sustain the goals of the Liberal Education and America's Promise (LEAP) campaign in their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Lawton, Barbara

The United States is currently undergoing a dramatic economic transformation, shifting from an economy based on physical inputs to one based on intellectual inputs, or human creativity. In this article, the author discusses a creative economy that must be expanded beyond science, technology, and design to include all applications of creativity and the role of colleges and universities in the creative age. He emphasizes the idea that colleges and universities tend to affect people's life...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Florida, Richard

The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) publishes the Final Long-Range Plan (Final Plan) for the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) for FY 2005 through 2009. As required by the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (Act), the Assistant Secretary takes this action to outline priorities for rehabilitation research, demonstration projects, training, and related activities, and to explain the basis for these priorities....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Research Projects

A year ago, an upstate New York college withdrew a speaking invitation to Wade Churchill, a University of Colorado professor who had characterized 9/11 victims as "little Eichmanns." Churchill's portrayal of 9/11 victims as a mixture of conscious and unwitting participants in a systemic evil of Holocaust proportions indeed was controversial. The decision of Hamilton College to retract its invitation exacerbated an existing controversy concerning the First Amendment and academic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Malikow, Max

Some assume that the only way academics can engage the politics of the day is by coming out of their ivory tower and protesting in front of the White House. In conveying knowledge, the academy has a far more important and subversive way of dealing with political issues. Knowledge provides people with a way to perceive the world. Imaginative knowledge provides them with a way to see themselves in the world, to relate to the world, and thereby, to act in the world. The way they perceive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Nafisi, Azar

This article presents a case study of the Roskilde Integration Project designed to enhance the school-readiness of ethnic minority preschool children. The process of implementing the Roskilde Integration Project involved linking a community of practice--consisting of the integration team, educators, and other professionals--with the immigrant community. A "community of practice" is a network of individuals who are bound together by their common pursuit of solutions to a common set of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Virtue, David C.

Schools in the United States are seeing a tremendous increase in the cultural and ethnic diversity of the children they serve. Demographic projections have estimated that by 2020, nearly half of U.S. students will be people of color (National Association of State Boards of Education 2002). This reality, along with expanding relationships among countries around the world, increases the need for children to view themselves as members of a multicultural, global community. In this paper, the author...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alexander, Linda B.

This article presents the author's examination of the role of faculty in the new academy. He contends that undergraduate education reforms that were launched in the last three decades of the twentieth century, although creative and energetic, have not been fully integrated into the central mission of most institutions, structured into the reward system, or built into the life of the departments regarded by most faculty as their institutional home. He argues that the current context of faculty...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rice, R. Eugene

While working to comply with standards for academic skills prescribed by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), educators must not lose sight of their equally important responsibility to teach social skills. A set of appropriate social skills is one of the most critical elements for well-rounded individuals capable of full participation in a democratic society. Like their failure to recognize that testing and test scores do not prove cognitive competence, the authors of NCLB failed to recognize...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Garrett, Joyce Lynn

"Ivy-clad towers" in academia still exist today and always, they require their students to spend considerable time in community service to learn about social justice. The poor almost seem to exist so that academics can study them or so that university students can elevate their own consciousness by serving them for a short period. As such, "volunteering" has become, ironically, an obligation for graduation. In this article, the author questions this practice among higher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Schall, James V.

In the last ten years, many colleges, universities, boards, and agencies have jumped on the diverse faculty/staff hiring bandwagon not only by issuing resolutions, policies, and mandates but also by inventing programs, initiatives, and strategies all intended to increase the number of faculty and staff of color in predominantly White institutions. The statistics illustrate the results: 80-90% of faculty and staff in most colleges and universities are still White. Why, despite the best...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Kayes, Pauline E.

In this paper, the author describes a partnership between the preservice elementary education students and preservice art education majors at a local university in Georgia. The goal of this partnership was to implement an interdisciplinary curriculum in the general classrooms of nearby Boulevard Elementary School. The educational objectives of the art education and general education courses were altered to reflect the importance of the interdisciplinary approach to teaching. Some major goals of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Quinn, Robert D.

The author discusses the content in John Milton's "Areopagitica: A Speech for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing to the Parliament of England" (1985) and provides parallelism to censorship practiced in higher education. Originally published in 1644, "Areopagitica" makes a powerful--and precocious--argument for freedom of speech and against censorship in publishing. The author cites several reasons why Milton believes censorship is so antithetical to a free and democratic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sullivan, Daniel F.

As China charges forward into modernity, the nation is confronted with major economic and social changes. China's one-child policy and economic growth, for example, have altered the values and attitudes of parents, thereby creating new challenges for Chinese teachers. In addition, nontraditional ways of thinking in China's youth have led to a variety of classroom concerns. What are the particular issues facing Chinese teachers in K-12? Findings from a qualitative study reveal problems teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Romanowski, Michael H.

Numerous classroom-based research projects have examined the important role social skills play in an elementary classroom (Browning, Davis, and Resta 2000; Burns 2003; Palmer and Wehmeyer 2003; Stone 2001). As Stone (2001, 18) suggested, "Teachers have an enormous influence on children's behavior by speaking directly and honestly to them, modeling with words and manner how people deal with each other with respect, just as they would like to be dealt with." Social skills need to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Croom, Loren|Davis, Barbara H.

The purpose of this publication is to provide participating schools with guidance on how to request, disburse, manage, and report on the use of Federal Student Aid funds. A summary of the changes and clarifications is presented in greater detail in the chapters that are contained in this volume: Chapter 1, The MPN (Master Promissory Note) and the Stafford/Plus Loan Process, covers the process of making a loan, and describing the actions and information required of the student, parent, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Financial Aid, Guides

Throughout a student's time in school, a variety of transitions will occur. From home to school, grade to grade, school to school, school to post-secondary training or employment, students experience changes in expectations, responsibilities and routines. This resource provides sample ideas and templates for creating a Learner Profile that students, teachers and parents can use as part of the transition planning process. The Learner Profile is designed to help students, parents and teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Profiles, Thompson, Carolyn

Using a multitreatment withdrawal design, this study evaluated the differential effects of publicly posted plus verbal feedback, goal setting plus verbal feedback, and publicly posted feedback, verbal feedback, and goal setting together on the performance of 3 collegiate football players in practice scrimmages. Also assessed was whether the changes in practice behavior generalized to games. The dependent variables were performances on three wide receiver skills. The results show that public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Smith, Shannon L.|Ward, Phillip

This article discusses a relatively new and decidedly healthy educational movement emerging across the United States, from grade schools to high schools, from community colleges to graduate programs at the nation's most prestigious universities. The movement goes by the name of "engaged learning." The authors describe two experiments to integrate food into education: one at the K--12 level, in the public school system in Berkeley, California, and the other at the undergraduate level,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Duster, Troy|Waters, Alice

Most Americans expect the nation's colleges and universities to promote the goal of social mobility to make it possible for anyone with ability and motivation to succeed. But according to Robert Haveman and Timothy Smeeding, income-related gaps both in access to and in success in higher education are large and growing. In the top-tier colleges and universities, almost three-quarters of the entering class is from the highest socioeconomic quartile. The pool of qualified youth is far greater than...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Haveman, Robert|Smeeding, Timothy

Many new Council of Independent Colleges (CIC) programs and services are highlighted in this special anniversary Annual Report, amount them American Graduate Fellowships and "Ancient Greece in the Modern College Classroom." Other CIC initiatives continue to help campus leaders enhance their decision-making capacity, leadership expertise, educational programs, administrative and financial performance, and institutional visibility, and are described here. Information concerning award...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Awards, Private Colleges

The purpose of this publication is to describe how a school becomes eligible to participate in the Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs and to explain the administrative and fiscal requirements of FSA program participation. In addition, this publication discusses other issues relevant to the general administration of the FSA programs. A summary of the changes and clarifications is presented in greater detail in the following 12 chapters: (1) Chapter 1, Institutional Eligibility, discusses the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Financial Aid, Guides

Roughly forty million boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 18 take part in organized athletic activities, most of which are not school-based. Boys and girls play in sports as varied as swimming, baseball, soccer, wrestling, and field hockey. The great majority participate in "recreational" leagues in which teams enroll all-comers, compete against local counterparts, and honor the norm "everyone gets to play." The lessons a child takes from his sports involvement-lessons...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Participation, Youth, Moral Development, Fullinwider, Robert K.

One of the more intriguing trends at the turn of the twenty-first century is the ascendant influence of religion in various aspects of American life. The renewed interest in religion and spirituality is not just a function of aging baby boomers acknowledging their mortality. The University of Pennsylvania reported that 86 percent of those between the ages of eleven and eighteen believe religion is an important part of life (Hulett 2004). In this article, the authors argue religion has always...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Kuh, George D.|Gonyea, Robert M.

This comprehensive guidebook will help educational planners during emergencies and reconstruction. The "Guidebook for Planning Education in Emergencies and Reconstruction" presents examples of the problems faced in emergencies, and suggests policy options and strategies that have been found useful in such situations. It is organized in six sections--two introductory sections and four thematic sections: (1) Basics; (2) General Overview; (3) Access and Inclusion; (4) Teachers and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Peace, Natural Disasters, Emergency Programs, Access to Education

This article presents the top 25 best picture and chapter books according to a survey of more than 200 teachers, children's authors, and children's literature experts. Included in the top 10 picture books are: (1) "Where the Wild Things Are" by Maurice Sendak (HarperCollins); (2) "The Very Hungry Caterpillar" by Eric Carle (Penguin); (3) "The Polar Express" Chris Van Allsburg (Houghton Mifflin); (4) "Goodnight Moon" by Margaret Wise Brown (HarperCollins);...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Picture Books, Novels, Teacher Attitudes

In the Spring 2006 issue of "The Educational Forum", Edmund S. Meltzer joined the objectivism versus constructivism debate between Jamin Carson and David Elkind. In his (2006, 200-01) article "Constructivism and Objectivism: Additional Questions," Meltzer maintained that Carson's argument supporting objectivism did not address the implications of quantum mechanics and religion, both of which question an objectively knowable reality. In this article, Carson addresses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Constructivism (Learning), Religion, Quantum Mechanics, Philosophy, Carson, Jamin

This report provides an analysis of data gathered from vocational education and training (VET) policy-makers, industry representatives, resource development managers and practitioners about their experiences and views on the uptake and implementation of equity learning resources. These resources are aimed at supporting trainers in teaching their students. A range of enablers and barriers to the uptake and implementation of the resources in the VET sector were identified. A key finding is that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Industry, Vocational Education, Mawer, Giselle, Jackson, Elaine

This compilation focuses chiefly on the impact of afterschool programs on student academic achievement. Although afterschool programs for children have been operating for many years in some communities, the afterschool movement is just a few years old. As public demand for afterschool has grown, so has the demand for accountability. That is particularly true in afterschool programs that spend public dollars. This updated evaluations backgrounder includes new data from ongoing evaluations of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Effectiveness, After School Programs, Academic Achievement, Accountability

The Commission periodically releases university eligibility rates for California high school graduates. These figures, which are based on a review of transcripts collected from schools, show the percentage of high school graduates who meet the admission requirements of the University of California (UC) and the California State University (CSU). The Commission's most recent estimates showed that in 2003, 14.4% of California public high school graduates were eligible for UC and 28.8% were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Eligibility, High School Graduates, College Entrance Examinations

A majority of the private sector members on the Roundtable on Higher Education (See Attachment-A) gathered at the Corporate Adventures training center in Kathryn, North Dakota, on April 5, 2006. Also attending were Senator Ray Holmberg, Chair of the Roundtable on Higher Education and Eddie Dunn on behalf of Dr. Robert Potts, Chancellor of the North Dakota University System. The meeting was called and organized by Thomas Shorma, C.E.O. President of WCCO Belting, Inc. in Wahpeton. This was done...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership, Private Sector, Higher Education, Academic Achievement

"Helpful Hints" offers a quick overview of school emergency preparedness topics that are frequently the subject of inquiries. The Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools (OSDFS) encourages schools to consider emergency management in the context of its four phases: mitigation and prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery. The preparedness phase involves developing policies and protocols for multiple hazards, establishing an Incident Command System (ICS), conducting training and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Emergency Programs, Crisis Management, School Safety, Hill, Tara

Our world today is full of challenges and opportunities. Religion is at the center of attention by the world audience. Civilization will survive if, and only if, educational leaders implement postmodern thinking in public education. Postmodernism was originally a critique of modernism. My views support postmodernism as a current state of mind that allows a way of seeing and working together differently. We have moved from the technology phase of society into a complex day-to-day global...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postmodernism, Educational Change, Public Education, Johnson, Clarence

To provide decision makers with the information they need to make informed decisions about school restructuring, The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement recently commissioned a series of papers titled "School Restructuring Options Under No Child Left Behind: What Works When?" Each of the four papers focuses on one of the first four options identified in the law and summarizes the research base that supports it. The series is designed to help district leaders...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Legislation, School Restructuring, Educational Change, Educational Improvement

For four years, the author of this article was the English department learning community coordinator in one of the larger learning community (LC) programs in the country. During his tenure, the number of composition sections linked with courses in other departments grew from a handful to sixty-four. Over this same period, the retention rates for students involved in LCs proved significantly higher than those for their peers. The president was sufficiently impressed to invest $1.5 million in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Coordinators, English Departments, Community Colleges, Mendelson, Michael

Historically any U.S. voting technology is burdened from its very inception with the expectation of technologically ensuring voting integrity. Voting is an officially sanctioned social activity/ritual in a technologically-focused nation, so U.S. voters arrive at the polls expecting that voting technology will ensure that their vote "counts. But no matter what voting technology is used, any election system must be approachably voter friendly while simultaneously satisfying hard technical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Voting, Technology, Integrity, Trust (Psychology), Elections, Robertson, Laurie

This is the third in a trilogy of policy briefs discussing education and taxation. In their first brief, the authors explain the state's need to increase its investment in public education. In their second, they explain how a Texas-style personal income tax is the best way both to adequately support public education and to reduce reliance on the property tax. In that piece, they outline why a new business tax by itself won't raise enough money to significantly cut property taxes and why a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Finance, Taxes, Income, Public Education, Real Estate

Differences in the learning styles of students with and without learning disabilities (LD) at a distance-learning university were examined. Two hundred and twelve students answered self-report questionnaires on their learning styles. Results revealed that students with LD preferred to use more stepwise processing, including memorizing and drilling, than NLD students. In addition, students with LD reported a higher need for self-regulation strategies than their NLD peers, including controlling...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learning Disabilities, Cognitive Style, Heiman, Tali

In this article, the author talks about the net generation (NG) of learners and how the net generation media specialist could help students in their needs. The NG media specialist creates a program that serves students who are diverse economically, culturally, and academically. Thus, if the NG media specialist provides resources, facilities, and learning opportunities that are uniquely suited to the Net Generation and has a genuine appreciation for their unique attributes and talents, he or she...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Media Specialists, Occupational Information, Role, Johnson, Doug

Established in 1999, the UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) is one of six UNESCO Institutes and Centers under the direction of the UNESCO Secretariat. The only UNESCO Institute in Africa, it is mandated to strengthen the capacities of the teacher education institutions of its 53 member states, and promote international cooperation for the development of education through the New Partnership for Africa's Development and the African Union. This report discusses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Educational Quality, International Cooperation

The Chinese tangram puzzle was known as far back as 1813. It has remained popular ever since. It consists of seven simple polygonal pieces of card which can be assembled in the form of a square. The reader is presented with some popular shape such as the man or cat above, and then asked to construct this using the tangram pieces. There are whole books of such shapes, and one can spend hours finding the various solutions. (Contains 7 figures.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Geometric Concepts, Plane Geometry, Numbers, Puzzles, Scott, Paul

The nature and function of leadership is a fascinating area of study. The nature of leadership has four primary categories to include listening, vision, relationship development, and empowerment. Efficient schools emphasize these categories and develop great organizational cultures. In addition to the four categories described in the nature of leadership, there are two factors relevant to the importance of leadership. These factors include equal opportunity along with distributed leadership and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Justice, Leadership Qualities, Leadership, Kinkead, Clint J.

Comprehensive early care and education policies that start at birth have the potential to identify health and developmental issues, link families to necessary supports, and assure that those who care for very young children have the tools to stimulate healthy child development. A growing number of states are interested in helping the educational and life prospects of poor children, but are looking for guidance on how to build a continuum of early care and education policies that start at birth....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Toddlers, Infants, Child Care, Child Development

Despite overall trends toward increasing student diversity, geographic areas in the United States vary widely in their ethnic composition. In areas where the population is predominately European American, grasping a realistic meaning of "multiculturalism" can be difficult. Often, interpretations of the concept result in a mix of classroom activities emphasizing Black History Month, illustrating how different cultures celebrate Christmas, and tasting food from different countries. At...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Meyer, Calvin F.|Rhoades, Elizabeth Kelley

This issue of ERCMExpress provides direction to schools and school districts in "Creating Emergency Management Plans." To ensure the safety of students, faculty and staff, schools and school districts nationwide should create comprehensive, multi-hazard emergency management plans that focus on the four phases of emergency management-- prevention-mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. All-inclusive plans and well-executed processes will ensure the continuity of school and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Safety, Emergency Programs, Crisis Management, Planning

This report and the companion backgrounder "Supporting Persons with Disabilities in Post-Secondary Education" represent the work of the Foundational Learning and Diversity sub-committee. Within the larger context and framework of A Learning Alberta, the sub-committee focused on identifying priorities for community learning opportunities to better meet the diverse learning needs of adults who are under-represented in existing formal learning opportunities. They looked specifically at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Disabilities, Literacy, Informal Education, Adult Learning

This phrase, data-driven decision making, is familiar to most schools and districts engaged in comprehensive school reform and improvement. It reminds practitioners that their plans have a greater likelihood of succeeding if the goals and strategies within them are based on solid information and not on hunches or habit. But where can schools get the data they need? As they strive for continuous improvement, how do they know which goals and strategies to keep or expand and which to drop? This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Evaluation, School Restructuring, Educational Improvement, Decision Making

Parents are their child's first and most important teacher. This booklet, written for parents of kindergartners, includes activities to help build their child's reading skills and tells a Parent's Story of how a mom or dad helps a child learn to read. It includes a checklist listing skills usually developed when a child is is kindergarten which parents can use to discuss with their child's teacher. This brochure is based on "A Child Becomes a Reader--Birth to Preschool" [ED481898]...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Skills, Adler, C. Ralph, Goldman, Elizabeth

In the world of school reform and improvement, attention is seldom paid to the role of the school board. Yet most school districts across the country are governed by an elected or appointed school board whose members are the ultimate architects of the district's plan for increasing student achievement. Therefore, a clear understanding of the purpose, role, and appropriate functions of school boards--on the part of both board members and school and district practitioners--can contribute greatly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Restructuring, Academic Achievement, Boards of Education, Superintendents

With no single definition of how publicly-funded programs for preschool children with disabilities should define or measure success, states are struggling to develop accountability systems that demonstrate results and understand how to best serve children and families. This report summarizes a new paper, "Issues in Designing State Accountability Systems," which calls on leaders in early childhood development to provide a collaborative set of recommended child and family outcome...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Preschool Children, Child Development, Accountability

Every child has the power to succeed in school and in life, and every parent, family member and caregiver can help. This brochure includes information on things parents can do at home and at school to help their child be a more successful student, including tips for parents of students with disabilities. Examples of resources are provided.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parent Student Relationship, Parent School Relationship, Disabilities, Success

The purpose of this report is to document the procedures and methodologies employed during the Academic Library Survey of 2000. This report is designed to provide guidance and documentation for users of the public-release and restricted-use data files. Information about the universe of academic libraries and how to access this information is included in this report. Following the acknowledgments, and list of tables, the report is divided into 3 parts. Part I, Introduction, contains: (1) History...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Guidance, Academic Libraries, Libraries, Surveys, Schmitt, Carl M.

This paper is intended to support school authorities by summarizing research on professional development. The term professional development is used in a context that encompasses related terms such as staff development, training and in-service. The paper covers conceptions and understandings of professional development, processes and approaches related to professional development, effective environments for professional development, evaluation of professional development, and indicators of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Improvement, Professional Development, Foreign Countries

ISTE hosts several awards programs, some of which occur on an annual basis at the National Educational Computing Conference (NECC) and some of which are one-time award presentations. The Jolaine's Joy Scholarship Program is a one-time presentation established in memory of Jolaine Harbour, a dedicated and joyful educator. Harbour was a distinguished pioneer in education technology and a long-time member and friend of ISTE who died in August 2004.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Associations, Awards, Scholarships, Educational Technology, Harbour,...

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) asks respondents aged 12 or older questions related to their use of inhalants during their lifetime and in the past year. This report focuses on youths aged 12 to 17 who initiated the use of inhalants in the 12 months prior to the survey. All findings presented in this report are annual averages based on combined 2002, 2003, and 2004 NSDUH data. The report indicates that in 2002 to 2004, an average of 598,000 youths aged 12 to 17 per year...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Inhalants, Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Participant Characteristics

The table of contents divides this handbook into two chapters. The first chapter, Overawards, defines the term, and then discusses a student's and a school's responsibility for resolving overpayments and overawards. Following the award of an aid package, student circumstances may change and result in an overaward. For instance, the student may receive a scholarship or grant from an outside organization, or the student may want to extend his or her work-study employment. When these circumstances...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Withdrawal (Education), Student Financial Aid, Guides

Ten participants from an online community of fiction writers were exposed to a treatment package intended to increase their writing productivity. The package consisted of graphic feedback provided through a Web page, praise for goal completion delivered via e-mail, and editing of manuscripts by other members of the community dependent on the completion of word-count goals. A multiple baseline design across groups was used to evaluate the effects of the intervention, which was successful in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Porritt, Matthew|Burt, Andrew|Poling, Alan

This report presents a profile of Australian technical and further education (TAFE) institutes for the 2003 calendar year. The project was undertaken to illustrate the extent of variation in the sector. The report also provides data on TAFE institutes that can be used by the institutes for planning, performance monitoring and marketing purposes. The report is divided into two sections. Section one describes and presents the characteristics and distributions of vocational education and training...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Profiles, Adult Education, Technical Institutes, Surveys

The development and availability of well-prepared leaders is vital to the continued success of community colleges and their students. Throughout its history, the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) has made proactive leadership development a central focus of its mission. Now, that focus takes on even greater urgency as the level of turnover among community college leaders escalates dramatically. For this reason, AACC has worked to delineate a competency framework for today's and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Leadership, Leaders, Minimum Competencies, College Administration

This month's newsletter highlights recent research that suggests a different approach to school reform. It looks at three studies in which schools that succeed--and all of them serve high percentages of at-risk students--take a more comprehensive approach to improvement. Each of the schools identified in this report approached reform comprehensively rather than taking a one-issue-at-a-time approach. They chose to address multiple factors, such as school culture, academic rigor, academic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Restructuring, Self Evaluation (Groups), Educational Improvement

Automobile crashes are the leading cause of death for those aged 3 to 33, with 43,005 (118 per day) Americans killed in 2002 alone. Seat belt use reduces the risk of serious injury in an accident, and refraining from using a cell phone while driving reduces the risk of an accident. Cell phone use while driving increases accident rates, and leads to 2,600 U.S. fatalities each year. An active prompting procedure was employed to increase seat belt use and decrease cell phone use among drivers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Clayton, Michael|Helms, Bridgett|Simpson, Cathy

What are the many and varied reasons that motivate us to do this work called "research"? In this paper, we will ponder this phenomenon and discuss the reasons why ten researchers in the field (some veterans, some novices) "do" research. The outcome? Hopefully we will gain one more source of motivation to continue our individual and collective research efforts. (Contains 1 table and 1 note.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Research, Researchers, Motivation, Research Needs, Nevin, Ann

This discussion paper presents an overview of key concepts, trends and issues in the field of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for sustainable development. It examines interlinkages between the world of work and environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainable development, as well as ways in which TVET can be reoriented to advance the transition to a more sustainable future. This paper is the result of collective brainstorming and was prepared in consultation with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sustainable Development, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Discussion, Global...

Under the Education Sciences Reform Act, all research, statistics, and evaluation reports conducted by, or supported through, the Institute shall be subject to rigorous peer review before being published or otherwise made available to the public. Prior to review and approval by the NCEE Commissioner, NCEE reports are reviewed internally by the project officer and selected NCEE evaluation staff. In addition, members of the technical working group who served as advisors to the research team...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Peer Evaluation, Writing for Publication, Scientific Research,...

The Postsecondary Education Commission is currently examining the question of affordability at California's colleges and universities. It is a pivotal issue that is being debated both within and outside the higher education community. Clearly, the ability of students and families to finance a higher education is becoming a critical issue. This report addresses the "affordability crisis" in California higher education today. It served as a background piece for panel discussions that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Costs, Educational Finance, Loan Default, Loan Repayment, Debt...

This fact sheet presents guidelines for schools and child care providers that may be helpful to identify symptoms and prevent the spread of the flu in child care facilities. (Contains 6 resources.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Child Care, Guidelines, Disease Control, Communicable Diseases, Immunization...

Freire's cogitation on Information Technology (IT), resources for education have been known since the decade of the 50s. And now, within the current context, this analysis outlines the literacy problem as an issue of gnosis and anthropology while existing in a virtual dimension. Based on research/experiences that also were carried out in Brazil, it can be noted that the literacy that is being discussed includes the skill in handling a mouse, selecting, dragging, cutting, pasting, CTRL C+CTRL V,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Internet, Reading Ability, Public Education, Information...

Ed McCrea, former executive director of North American Association for Environmental Education (NAEE), calls the development of the environmental education guidelines the single most important event that has occurred in the field of environmental education in the last decade. For the first time in its history, environmental education has a set of tools that promotes unity, a common language, and the professionalization of the field. These guidelines, which are described in this document, grew...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Guidelines, National Standards, Environmental Education, Educational Quality,...

School districts' budgets don't have to confound the ordinary citizen. This two-page Q&A explains where the money comes from and the constraints on those deciding where it goes. It discusses the major budget pressures facing school districts, the role of collective bargaining, and how the public can influence local school budget decisions.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Budgeting, Collective Bargaining, School Districts, Public Schools, Budgets,...

Drawing upon five years of experience with an interdisciplinary initiative, colleagues in biology, literary studies, and physics offer a framework by which to understand the nature and value of interdisciplinary work. Effective interdisciplinary exchange depends on a dynamic and mutual interplay that challenges normally unexamined disciplinary assumptions. Effective interdisciplinary exchange can not only reinvigorate the disciplines but also engage them more effectively in a common...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interdisciplinary Approach, Figurative Language, Interaction, Dalke, Anne, Grobstein,...

The Council for the Management of Educational Finance (Council) and the Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation (TG) are pleased to provide this guide, one in a series of default aversion resources available to the higher education community. Originally published in 2000 and revised in 2003, this guide has now been updated to reflect recent technologies, processes, opportunities and challenges facing the loan servicing community. It is the intent of the Council that this guide will serve as a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Loan Programs, Loan Default, Loan Repayment, Institutional Cooperation,...

A science story can teach pupils about scientific phenomena in an indirect way. While this story involves animals, the danger that it exposes applies equally to humans.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Education, Young Children, Story Telling, Chemistry, Hugerat, Muhamad

Three counterbalancing realities confront the contemporary school principal and each one has the capacity to produce psychic highs and lows in the conduct and vision of principals as they lead schools to higher levels of instructional improvement and community engagement. First, contemporary principals are expected to provide an organizational vision that will serve, promote, and advance the agendas of multiple constituencies. Second, previous personal and professional relationships are altered...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Improvement, Coping, Leadership, Principals, Professional Development,...

The graduate of the Gasfitter apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) apply the standards and regulations of natural and LP gas in order to provide the maximum of safety; (2) know the characteristics and proper use of each product; (3) be able to install and maintain pipe systems, appliances and equipment using natural or propane gas; (4) be proficient in the safe use and maintenance of hand and power tools; (5) read and carry out directions as given on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Construction Industry, Course Descriptions, Fuels, Utilities,...

In spite of its prevalence and importance, questioning in education has been underestimated and misconceptualized. The major reason for this has been that most studies on questioning have been heavily dependent on the paradigm of positivism. The present study critiques the limitations of those studies on four specific issues: 1) the narrow conceptualization of the purpose of teacher's questioning, 2) the unwarranted assumption that objectively effective types of questions exist, 3) the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Misconceptions, Educational Research, Questioning Techniques, Epistemology, Classroom...

In the educational process, the disciplines D1, D2,...,Dn have a succession which is generated by the content and the final objective--the student formation. In this work, the disciplines are presented as structured text entities. The graph associated to the disciplines is established. A method for dependencies evaluation is proposed. The testing is done with 9 sets of representative input data. (Contains 9 tables, 28 figures and 2 footnotes.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learning Processes, Intellectual Disciplines, Computer Software Evaluation,...

The fourth meeting of the Leadership Advisory Council (LAC) was chaired by Glen D. Whipple, Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) Chair elect and was held May 22-24, 2006, in Denver, Colorado. The meeting was facilitated by Rhonda Shipp, University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service. Using the Mobius strip facilitation method, the agenda was divided into three parts of "What", "So What", and "Now What?" The 2006 LAC focus was the future and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Extension Education, Leadership, Advisory Committees, Meetings, Conferences...

This paper consists of an analysis of the state of the art of research and development for the different models of didactical processes in traditional and distance learning systems. The educational system is an open and dynamic system. In such context as the educational system, seven models of didactical process communications can be observed. The contemporary models are based on collective knowledge building in collaborative learning environments. The last model needs self-regulated students'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Research and Development, Distance Education, Educational Technology, Computer...

It is the position of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) that all K-12 students should take all required physical education courses and that no substitutions, waivers, or exemptions should be permitted. Physical education is an essential and integral component of a total education. The National Standards for Physical Education define what a student should know and be able to do as a result of a quality physical education program. The unique goals of physical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physical Education, Student Participation, Elementary Secondary Education, National...

This April 2006 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts" contains the following articles: (1) Transition at the National Literacy Secretariat (NLS); (2) The New Government Agenda: Finding Room for Literacy; (3) How Is the Transition at the NLS Affecting the Literacy Community?; and (4) Federal Accountability Act: Changing the Way Government Works.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literacy Education, Governance, Foreign Countries, Federal Legislation,...

This paper offers a philosophical inquiry into conceptions of resilience--identifying it first as a set of individual traits or characteristics and, secondly, as a process existing within relationships. Both approaches unwittingly may reinforce existing inequities and marginalization as they are used to prepare students for the world. Alternatively, suggestions for arriving at a conception of resilience that potentially is meaningful, empowering, and transforming are presented.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Personality Traits, Compliance (Psychology), Change, Empowerment, McMahon, Brenda J.

This paper is one of a series being prepared by the Center for Law and Social Policy that is intended to inform the decisions of state legislators, program administrators, service providers, and advocates and to enable policy choices that simultaneously help low income families improve their labor market success and states meet federal participation rates. The paper summarizes the research on the contribution of skills and credentials to labor market success and the lessons learned about...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Credentials, Low Income Groups, Labor Market, Vocational Education, Welfare Services,...

This fact sheet defines unintentional injuries and violence as the terms are used by the CDC and provides statistics on the leading causes of injury mortality and morbidity among children and adolescents, as well as information on the context of injury occurrence. (Contains 2 tables.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Injuries, Violence, Definitions, Children, Adolescents, Child Health, Death, Suicide,...

This article offers simple design ideas on classroom transformation that are easy on the pocketbook and will make the biggest difference to teachers and their students. These include: (1) Go with a splash of color; (2) Use bright fabrics; (3) Stick with blues and greens; (4) Use color to create nooks; (5) Buddy up with a shop class; (6) Hide the storage areas; (7) Turn off the overhead light; (8) Brighten the bulletin boards; (9) Get kids asking questions; (10) Add window dressing; (11) Do not...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bulletin Boards, Classroom Environment, Teacher Guidance, Educational Facilities...

Ask one community college leader if hiring individuals who have not come through the ranks makes sense, and he will say absolutely not, the cultural adjustment is too difficult. Ask another, and she will say that with the right guidance and orientation, "outsiders" make excellent hires. Ask another, and you will hear that there is an adequate but underrepresented pool of potential leaders among women and minorities already in community colleges. Half of the nation's nearly 1,000...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Personnel Selection, College Presidents, Educational...

Learning is neither limited to what is formally taught nor to time spent in classrooms. It occurs whenever and wherever the learner interacts with the surrounding environment. All facets of the community (not just the school) provide learning opportunities--thus the term learning community. This brief provides in-depth answers to the following questions: (1) What do we mean by caring, learning community? (2) Why should a school be the hub of a community and a classroom be a student's home away...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Performance Contracts, Spiritual Development, Classroom Environment, School Community...

Portable software applications can be carried on a convenient storage medium such as a USB drive, and offer numerous benefits to mobile teachers and learner. The article illustrates the growing field of "portable apps" in reviews of seven contrasting products. These represent the major categories of document editing, email maintenance, Internet browsing, instant messaging, file transfer, multimedia presentation, and anti-virus protection. Emphasis is placed on ways to use...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Internet, Electronic Mail, Computers, Physical Mobility, Computer Software, Foreign...

We all know that ships are safest in the harbor; but alas, that is not what ships are built for. They are destined to leave the harbor and to confront the challenges that are waiting beyond the harbor mole. A similar challenge confronts the practice of research. Research at work cannot play it safe and stay in whatever theoretical and methodological harbors in which it may have found shelter in the past. Still less can it examine and maintain its foundations in the dry dock. Research is more...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Research Methodology, Validity, Models, Theory Practice Relationship, Ulrich, Werner

The appropriate approaches about "death education in early childhood" are addressed in this paper. It is recommended for early childhood teachers to take an advantage of children's daily lives to talk about death and dying of living things such as finding dead insects, corpses of small animals found outside, or plants that turn brown. By seizing teachable moment in children's daily life death education would be more effective and helpful for children to understand "death"...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Young Children, Death, Preschool Teachers, Teaching Methods, Coping, Childrens...

There is no doubt that the most important activity In schools and universities is conducting classes and lectures to their students. Preparation of timetables is a major task confronted by the management every year. A lot of time is spent on this exercise, yet the end result would be far from satisfactory. In this paper, we draw attention to the different approaches of solution to this problem and the need to look for new directions of research.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Scheduling, Educational Administration, Barriers, Resource Allocation, Mathematical...

This paper takes up the question of the way in which "the problem with educational research" is represented. It takes as its point of departure two recent views on "the problem"--one expressed by an educational journalist and one presented by the Australian Council of Deans of Education. It locates these within a larger frame of international debate about educational research and its problems and considers how these arise out of particular dispositions towards educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Fantasy, Educational Research, Problem Solving, Disadvantaged, Research Problems,...

This article presents sixty ideas for celebrating the arts. These ideas include concepts about sparking creativity among children. A list of benefits of arts education is also included.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Aesthetics, Creativity, Art Activities, Art Expression, Childrens Art

The "Everyday Learning" series has been developed to focus attention on the everyday ways in which children can be supported in their growth and development. It is for all those who are involved in children's development and learning, including early childhood professionals in all children's services, parents, grandparents and others with an ongoing responsibility for young children. Many parents are concerned when their young child is worried or upset. "Everyday Learning about...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Toddlers, Separation Anxiety, Preschool Children, Fear, Early Childhood Education,...

When asked to share her thoughts about merit-pay for teachers, one second-grade teacher said that it is a touchy subject. Other teachers, however, have a different take on the increasingly talked-about alternative pay systems. Whatever their viewpoint, merit-pay is an issue to watch. More and more districts are considering it and it could mean new raises and new worries for teachers. This article examines the ongoing debate concerning the merit-pay system for teachers.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Merit Pay, Teacher Salaries, Teaching Conditions, School Districts, Teaching Skills,...

This paper presents words of wisdom from the editors and editorial associates of "Rethinking Schools" that grew out of a discussion about an upcoming book project during a national meeting this July. The editors were asked to share their advice to someone who is new to the profession. The comments are not meant to be comprehensive, but they offer a glimpse into the collective experience of "Rethinking Schools"--and may provide inspiration to teachers who are drawn to this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Experienced Teachers, Opinions, Communication (Thought Transfer), Beginning Teachers,...

In the United States, child care arrangements serve increasingly linguistically diverse populations of children. However, little is known about patterns of childcare arrangements for language-minority children and the linguistic environment of child care arrangements. Using the Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the 2001 National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES, 2001), this report asks three research questions: (1) what are the patterns of child care arrangements for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Linguistics, Child Care, Language Minorities, Language Dominance, Ishizawa, Hiromi

This document was developed by the Middle Tennessee State University James E. Walker Library Collection Management Department to provide policies and procedural guidelines for the cataloging and processing of bibliographic materials. This document includes policies for cataloging monographs, serials, government documents, machine-readable data files, and microtext/microfiche materials. Also included are explanations of call number assignments; Cuttering procedures; special Cutter numbers for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Library Materials, Microforms, Cataloging, Library Services, Libraries,...

The effects of noncontingent matched stimulation (NMS) and response blocking on a boy's stereotypic behavior were evaluated using a multiple schedule that contained three 15-min components (preintervention, intervention, and postintervention). Results showed that stereotypy was always higher after response blocking than before response blocking and was always lower after NMS than before NMS. These results suggest that response blocking may have produced deprivation for the product of stereotypy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Stimulation, Behavior Modification, Stereotypes, Reinforcement, Disadvantaged...